Biographical Profile: Pvt. Henry S. Guy, Company C, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 100th Regiment

Transcribed by Tami McConahy, 2nd great-grandniece of Corp. Thomas John Martin, Co. F. from "History of Lawrence County, Aaron Hazen, 1908.

History of Lawrence County by Aaron L. Hazen, 1908

Page 659

Henry S. Guy, a representative citizen of Wayne Township and an honored survivor of the great Civil War, was born near Harlansburg, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania, March 28, 1833. His parents were Moses and Elizabeth (Standoff) Guy.

The father of Mr. Guy was a soldier in the War of 1812. The mother was of Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry and was born in the eastern mountainous part of the State. In 1836, when Henry S. was three years old, they settled near Wurtemburg, Lawrence County, and the father engaged in farming there but died shortly after locating in this region. There were four sons in the family: William, Peter Christopher and Henry S. William died young. Peter was engaged in a blacksmith business at Chewton during the large part of his life and died there at the age of sixty-eight years. He married Charlotta Robberman who survived to the age of eighty years. Christopher died young.

Henry S. Guy has resided in Wayne Township almost all of his life and his recollections of boyhood and youth in reference to this now fertile, well-cultivated and populous section of Lawrence County are very interesting. He obtained his education in one of the log school houses which were the best the township then afforded. In his youth game was plentiful and he learned to be an expert with his rifle, even before entering the army. He has always been more or less interested in farming, but for fourteen years prior to enlisting, he was engineer and foreman for the Portland Cement Works near Wampum. In 1861 he enlisted at Wurtemburg in Company C, One Hundredth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, a regiment known here as the Roundheads, and was mustered into the service at Pittsburg. From that city the regiment was sent on to Washington and from there to South Carolina, and was stationed at Port Royal, where it remained from the fall of 1861 until the following May. After taking part in the engagement at James Island the regiment remained near Charleston for one month, and then returned to Port Royal until after what is known as the sickly season had passed. From the far South the regiment was then ordered to Newport News, Virginia, and two weeks later was transferred by boat to Fredericksburg, then to Culpepper Court House, and participated in the second battle of Bull Run, August 22, 1962. It was at this battle that Mr. Guy was wounded by a spent ball which disabled him, the injury to his thumb and hand causing his remaining in a hospital for seven months, and after his discharge on a surgeon's certificate, on account of disability, he returned to Lawrence County. The seriousness of Mr. Guy's injury was recognized by the Government and at first he was given a pension of $8, which was increased to $40 per month. He resumed farming as soon as he was able to do so, although for a year afterward he was obliged to work with one hand on the plow, his other hand being carried in a sling. He is a valued member of Wampum Post, No. 381, Grand Army of the Republic, at Wampum.

In 1852, Mr. Guy was married to Miss Rachel Patterson, who is a daughter of Samuel Patterson. The Patterson family is a very old one in Pennsylvania. Mrs. Guy was born near Hillsville, Lawrence County. After marriage they settled on the Guy farm and resided there until about 1895, when removal was made to Chewton, this being the only time Mr. Guy ever moved. There were eight children born to Mr. and Mrs. Guy, namely Chester W., who is engaged in farming in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, married Sophronia Gaw and they have five children, namely, Wilbert, Effie, Gertrude, deceased; Franklin, deceased; Charlotte and Bessie. Franklin A., who resides at Cement Hill, married Mollie Howell and their living children are Gertrude, Elsie, Coral and Rachel; Ulysses, who resides at Beaver Falls, married Maggie Peters and they have two children, Cassie and Arthur; Henry is deceased; John resides with his parents; Amanda J., who married John Brown, resides at Chewton and they have five living children, William H., George W., Alfred W., Mamie E. and Rachel A., and two dead, Clara and Celia; Elizabeth, who is the widow of George Mercer, resides at Hazel Dell and her children are as follows, Wesley, Laura, Tressie, Veva and Erma; and Mary, who married Bert Rupp, resides at Hazel Dell. Mr. Guy is a member of the Disciples Church at Chewton and Mrs. Guy of the Baptist Church. They are well known and respected residents of this section, are noted for their hospitality and for many qualities which endear them to their many friends.

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